Contraceptive counseling, method satisfaction, and planned method continuation among women in the U.S. southeast

Nathan Hale, Christine Dehlendorf, Michael G. Smith, Jerod Stapleton, Paezha McCartt, Amal J. Khoury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: We used the validated Person-Centered Contraceptive Counseling (PCCC) scale to examine experiences with counseling and associations between counseling quality, method satisfaction, and planned method continuation at the population level in two southeastern states. Study design: We used data from the Statewide Survey of Women, a probability-based sample of reproductive-aged women in Alabama and South Carolina in 2017/18. We included women using a contraceptive method and reporting a contraceptive visit in the past year (n = 1265). Respondents rated their most recent provider experience across four PCCC items. Regression analyses examined relationships between counseling quality and outcomes of interest, and path analysis examined the extent to which method satisfaction mediated the effects of counseling quality on planned continuation. Results: Over half of participants (54%) reported optimal contraceptive counseling. Optimal counseling was associated with method satisfaction (aPR = 1.16; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04–1.29) in adjusted models. Optimal counseling was marginally associated with planned discontinuation in the bivariate analysis but was attenuated in the adjusted model (aPR = 1.07; 95% CI = 0.98–1.18). In the path analysis, counseling quality influenced method satisfaction (0.143 (0.045), p = 0.001) which influenced planned continuation, controlling for PCCC (0.74 (0.07), p < 0.001). The total indirect effect of counseling quality on planned continuation was significant (0.106 (0.03), p = 0.001), and a residual direct effect from counseling quality to planned continuation was noted (0.106 (0.03), p = 0.001). Conclusions: Counseling quality is independently associated with method satisfaction at the population level. The effect of counseling on planned continuation is partially mediated by method satisfaction. Implications: Interventions to support person-centered contraceptive counseling promise to improve quality of care, patient experience with care, and reproductive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110365
JournalContraception
Volume132
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024

Keywords

  • Contraceptive counseling
  • Contraceptive method continuation
  • Contraceptive method satisfaction
  • Path analysis
  • Person-centered counseling
  • U.S. South

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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