Contributions of Cross-National Research to Criminology at the Beginning of the 21st Century

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35 Scopus citations


Although the study of crime did not originate in the United States, for much of the 20th century the discipline had a distinctively American flavor. Describing the state of criminology at the beginning of the 21st century, one scholar declared that “the American criminological enterprise is the largest in the world. Measured by the number of people who focus on the study of crime, law and social control, the number of university courses, the number of scholarly and professional publications and books, the number of research projects and the amount of funding, there is no question that the US takes the cake” (Marshall, 2008, p. 50). American criminologists have been responsible for developing many popular criminological theories, fostering methodological advancements for studying crime, and institutionalizing the discipline within academia. It is not surprising, then, that “for most American scholars, criminology is American criminology” (Marshall, 2008, p. 49, original emphasis).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbooks of Sociology and Social Research
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2009

Publication series

NameHandbooks of Sociology and Social Research
ISSN (Print)1389-6903
ISSN (Electronic)2542-839X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2009, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


  • Crime Rate
  • Criminal Activity
  • Homicide Rate
  • Property Crime
  • Qualitative Comparative Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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