Convergent and discriminant validity of measures of cognitive styles and abilities

Thomas A. Widiger, Roger M. Knudson, Leonard G. Rorer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Used 10 measures (e.g., Group Embedded Figures Test, Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices) that yielded 15 scores representing the following constructs: analytic style, global style, analytic ability, global ability, and general spatial ability. 50 undergraduates participated. In a factor analysis, the ability measures formed an ability factor, but the stylistic measures failed to converge and formed 4 factors. The Group Embedded Figures Test correlated significantly with the ability measures, but with only 1 of the 2 analytic measures, and it failed to correlate negatively with any global style measure. Most Ss preferred an analytic approach. Results indicate that present field dependence-independence measures are best interpreted as ability tests rather than measures of a cognitive style. (40 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-129
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1980

Keywords

  • convergent & discriminant validity of Group Embedded Figures Test & Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices, measurement of cognitive styles & abilities, college students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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