Conversion of guaiacol on noble metal catalysts: Reaction performance and deactivation studies

Danni Gao, Christopher Schweitzer, Hyun Tae Hwang, Arvind Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations


Guaiacol, a phenol derived compound produced by the thermal degradation of lignin, was selected as a model compound to study the catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) process for upgrading pyrolysis bio-oils. Guaiacol is among the major components of bio-oils; however, it is thermally unstable which leads to catalyst deactivation. In the present study, four noble metal catalysts (Pt, Pd, Rh, and Ru) supported on activated carbon were tested in a fixed-bed reactor at atmospheric pressure and their performance for the guaiacol HDO process was measured. Our results showed that, among the tested catalysts, Pt has higher deoxygenation activity and shows little deactivation for 5 h. Additionally, the operating temperature for the Pt catalyst was optimized and found to be 300 °C. Finally, results from catalyst characterization demonstrated that polyaromatic deposits, especially the condensed ring compounds, are the most likely cause for catalyst deactivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18658-18667
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number49
StatePublished - Dec 10 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Conversion of guaiacol on noble metal catalysts: Reaction performance and deactivation studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this