Conviction celerity and intervention compliance as predictors of DUI recidivism: a mediation model of deterrence among Kentucky DUI offenders

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1 Scopus citations


Approximately one-third of DUI offenders in the United States are repeat offenders. The criminal justice system has used both deterrence-based and rehabilitation approaches to prevent DUI recidivism. However, existing studies have not examined deterrence and rehabilitation as they relate to DUI recidivism in a single model. The goal of this study is to simultaneously examine the effects of an established deterrence-related measure (conviction celerity) and a rehabilitation outcome (intervention compliance) on DUI recidivism, specifically whether intervention compliance mediates the relationship between conviction celerity and DUI recidivism. Utilizing a statewide sample of DUI offenders (N = 6,936), a mediation model was tested to examine intervention compliance as a potential mediator between conviction celerity and recidivism, controlling for known correlates of DUI recidivism. The mediation model was unsupported, but compliance was significantly related to DUI recidivism. Several covariates were also related to compliance and recidivism. Findings suggest that compliance and other factors may increase the risk of DUI recidivism among certain populations. Results demonstrate the need for the criminal justice system and behavioral health providers to thoroughly assess DUI offenders to identify those at higher risk of recidivism, while emphasizing offenders’ treatment needs, treatment accessibility, and treatment retention in order to decrease DUI recidivism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-328
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Offender Rehabilitation
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported through a contract with the Kentucky Division of Behavioral Health, Department for Behavioral Health, Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities (DBHDID). Opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent the position of the DBHDID.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • DUI
  • compliance
  • deterrence
  • intervention
  • recidivism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Law


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