Cooling-induced formation of honeycomb patterns on pre-cast PMMA films at low temperatures

Wei Sun, Fuqian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Using a copper ring to control the evaporation of toluene droplets on the surface of PMMA films at low temperatures, honeycomb patterns of various topologies are formed in different regions. The honeycomb with the largest pore size is around the center area, and the pore size decreases gradually as the distance to the center increases. The effects of the film thickness and the substrate temperature on the honeycomb structures are examined. The pore size increases with the decrease of the film thickness. Hexagonal networks are formed at the substrate temperature of ∼8 °C. The "breath figure" mechanism is used to explain the formation of the honeycomb structures. The patterns formed on PS films under the same experimental conditions are examined, which are significantly different from the patterns formed on PMMA films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60496-60505
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number74
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Cooling-induced formation of honeycomb patterns on pre-cast PMMA films at low temperatures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this