A series of ruthenium coordination complexes containing hydroxyquinoline ligands were synthesized that exhibited radically improved potencies up to 86-fold greater than clioquinol, a known cytotoxic compound. The complexes were also >100-fold more potent than clioquinol in a tumor spheroid model, with values similar to currently used chemotherapeutics for the treatment of solid tumors. Cytotoxicity occurs through rapid processes that induce apoptosis but appear to be mediated by cell-cycle independent mechanisms. The ruthenium complexes do not inhibit the proteasome at concentrations relevant for cell death, and contrary to previous reports, clioquinol and other hydroxyquinoline compounds do not act as direct proteasome inhibitors to induce cell death.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 13 2014|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Chemical Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery