Coronavirus disease 2019 in children: Characteristics, antimicrobial treatment, and outcomes

Hui Peng, Ping Gao, Qiong Xu, Maochang Liu, Jing Peng, Yang Wang, Hua Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: At present, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread in many countries. We conducted this study to help pediatricians understand the conditions of COVID-19 in children. Methods: We retrospectively summarized the characteristics, treatment and outcomes of pediatric cases in Wuhan Children's Hospital which was the only designated hospital for children with COVID-19 in Hubei Province. A Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to evaluate factors associated with clinical outcomes. Results: As of February 29, 75 children had been discharged, of which only one was has severe pneumonia and one was critical cases. Children younger than 2 years were more susceptible to COVID-19. All patients have received interferon-α nebulization, and eight cases including the severe and critical cases were co-administrated ribavirin. Five patients with mild pneumonia were given arbidol. Twenty-three patients were given traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The average length of stay (LOS) and the time of SARS-CoV-2 clearance were 10.57 and 6.39 days, respectively. None of the factors was associated with LOS or time of SARS-CoV-2 clearance. Conclusions: The severity of COVID-19 in pediatric cases were milder than adults. The efficacy of the antiviral therapy in children with COVID-19 remains to be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104425
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume128
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Characteristics
  • Coronavirus disease 2019
  • Outcomes
  • Pediatric
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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