The development of tissue-specific inducible transgenic mice has provided a powerful tool to study gene function and cell biology in almost any tissue of interest at any given time within the animal's life. The purpose of this review is to describe how to use two different inducible transgenic systems, the Cre-loxP system and the Tet-ON/OFF system, that can be used to study skeletal muscle physiology. Myofiber- and satellite cell-specific Cre-loxP transgenic mice are described as is how these mice can be used to knockout a gene of interest or to deplete satellite cells in adult skeletal muscle, respectively. A myofiber-specific Tet-ON system is described as is how such mice can be used to overexpress a gene of interest or to label myonuclei. How to effectively breed and genotype the transgenic mice are also described in detail. The hope is this review will provide the basic information necessary to facilitate the incorporation of tissue-specific inducible transgenic mice into a skeletal muscle research program.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology|
|State||Published - May 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Grants AR-060701 and AG-049806 (to J. J. McCarthy).
© 2020 the American Physiological Society.
- Skeletal muscle
- Transgenic mice
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)