This article examines HIV risks among a sample of 406 women on probation and parole with lifetime histories of victimization who were recruited from an urban community in the southern U.S. Guided by the Comprehensive Health Seeking and Coping Paradigm, we analyze the significance of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social support in relationship to three sexual risks and one drug use risk using multivariable regression. Findings indicate that substance use is a significant correlate of nearly all HIV risks examined, including lifetime sexual partners and sexual partners during the past 12 months. Age, race/ ethnicity, homelessness, lifetime traumatic event exposure, regular use of alcohol to intoxication and other drugs, functional social support, and substance use treatment in the past 12 months are associated with specific HIV risks. The findings identify potential targets to address in HIV prevention with women on probation and parole who have experienced victimization.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||AIDS Education and Prevention|
|State||Published - Jun 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the participants and the probation and parole staff for their contributions to this study, which was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health (R01DA02781). Additional funding was provided by K12 HD085848 (Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women?s Health) and by an award from a member of the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy & Practice Board of Overseers. Ideas expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect official positions of the funders.
© 2017 The Guilford Press.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases