Correlates of post-traumatic growth among nursing professionals: A cross-sectional analysis

Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Sarret Seng, Amanda Lykins, Jacob T. Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Among nursing professionals, our aims were to examine (a) self-reported traumatic experiences, (b) differences in post-traumatic growth (i.e. positive psychological growth after experiencing a traumatic event) by nursing professional level and (c) demographic, work-related, behavioural and traumatic experience covariates of post-traumatic growth. Background: Trauma experience among nursing professionals is higher than observed in the general population. Due to the nature of their work environment, workplace trauma rates are particularly alarming. Understanding post-traumatic growth among nursing professionals may guide interventions to enhance well-being. Method: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data from nursing professionals (N = 299). Demographic, work-related, behavioural, trauma experience categories and post-traumatic growth variables were examined. Results: Advanced practice nurses and clinical nurses reported higher rates of workplace trauma, as compared to nursing assistants. Higher post-traumatic growth scores were associated with having a postgraduate degree, serving the paediatric population and lower frequency of alcohol use. Lower post-traumatic growth scores were associated with being married/widowed, being an advanced practice provider or clinical nurse, working in the intensive care unit and reporting workplace, family/personal stress and undisclosed trauma. Conclusions: Nursing professionals have several demographic, work-related, behavioural and traumatic experience-related variables associated with and that explain variances in post-traumatic growth. Implication for Nursing Management: Targeted screening and individualized treatment based on nursing professional level should be considered to support trauma recovery and post-traumatic growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Keywords

  • nursing professionals
  • post-traumatic growth
  • traumatic experiences
  • workplace trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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