This study investigated the relationship between the degree of atherosclerotic changes in the descending thoracic aorta (TA) and the coronary artery using angioscopy. Twenty-five consecutive patients undergoing angioscopy of the TA and coronary angiography were enrolled in this study. Participants were divided into three groups according to the angioscopic grading of the TA: white plaque group (W-group), yellow plaque group (Y-group) and intensive yellow, ruptured plaque with ulceration and/or thrombus group (RP-group). The maximum plaque grade, plaque score, number of yellow plaques, frequency of yellow-plaque grades by coronary angioscopy, and SYNTAX score by coronary angiography were evaluated. Brachial-artery pulse wave velocity and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level tended to be higher in the RP-group than in the other groups, although the differences were not statistically significant. The SYNTAX score was significantly higher in the RP-group than in the W-group (W-group 4.0 ± 3.6 vs. RP-group 17.5 ± 10.0, P = 0.045). In addition, the angioscopic maximum plaque grade, plaque score, and number of yellow plaques in the RP-group were significantly higher than in the W-group (maximum plaque grade W-group 0.8 ± 0.4 vs. RP-group 1.8 ± 0.8, P = 0.026; plaque score W-group 1.0 ± 1.2 vs. RP-group 4.0 ± 1.4, P = 0.014; and number of yellow plaques W-group 1.0 ± 1.2 vs. RP-group 2.5 ± 0.5, P = 0.023). The yellow-plaque grade in the coronary artery was correlated significantly with the plaque grading of TA (P = 0.043). Our study suggests that the angioscopic progression of aortic atherosclerosis is closely associated with vulnerability to and the extent of coronary stenosis, indicating that vulnerability toward atherosclerotic plaque development occurs simultaneously in the coronary tree and systemic arteries.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging|
|State||Published - Aug 2 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015, The Author(s).
- Atherosclerotic plaque
- Coronary artery
- Thoracic aorta
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine