Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Zin W. Myint, Jill M. Kolesar, Joseph Robert McCorkle, Jianrong Wu, Carleton S. Ellis, Danielle E. Otto, Peng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Prostate cancer growth is primarily driven by testosterone and 5a-dihydrotestosterone. Abiraterone is an irreversible inhibitor of CYP17, and CYP17 inhibition is a required step in testosterone biosynthesis. Previous studies have shown that abiraterone trough levels are predictive of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response in metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). It has not been demonstrated if this association exists for patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). In this study, we aimed to explore the correlation and association between abiraterone trough levels and PSA levels in patients with mHSPC. Material/Methods: This was a single-center, prospective, observational study of patients with mHSPC being treated with abiraterone acetate (AA) 1000 mg once daily. Abiraterone trough levels (22-26 h after drug administration) were drawn at 1, 3, and 7 months after treatment initiation. Results: Thirteen patients with mHSPC were enrolled, and complete pharmacokinetic data were available for 8 patients. The mean trough levels at 1 month, 3 months, and 7 months were 34.49 ng/mL (3.36-240.46), 13.82 ng/mL (2.91-29.96), and 15.7 ng/mL (3.58-26.86), respectively. The correlation between the 1-month abiraterone trough level and 1-month PSA level was 0.29 (P=0.38), between 3-month abiraterone trough and 3-month PSA was -0.61 (P=0.08), and between 7-month abiraterone trough and 7-month PSA was -0.31 (P=0.54). Conclusions: This study demonstrated a trend toward a negative correlation between 3-month abiraterone trough levels and PSA levels, but the correlation was not statistically significant. A study with a larger prospective sample size is needed to validate these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere938091
JournalMedical Science Monitor
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The manuscript preparation was assisted by the Markey Cancer Center Research Communication Office for their editorial assistance, and by the Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Shared Resources of the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center (P30CA17758).

Publisher Copyright:
© Med Sci Monit, 2022.


  • Abiraterone Acetate
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)


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