Cough responses to inhaled irritants are enhanced by eosinophil major basic protein in awake mice

An Hsuan Lin, Ashami Athukorala, Gerald J. Gleich, Lu Yuan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A distinct association between airway eosinophilia and chronic cough is well documented. Eosinophil granule-derived cationic proteins, such as major basic protein (MBP), have been shown to activate and enhance the excitability of bronchopulmonary C-fiber sensory nerves, which may then lead to an increase in cough sensitivity. This study was carried out to determine whether cough responses to inhaled irritant gases were altered by delivery of MBP into the airways. An awake mouse moved freely in a recording chamber that was ventilated with a constant flow of air or irritant gas mixture. Cough responses to separate inhalation challenges of sulfur dioxide (SO2; 300 and 600 ppm) and ammonia (NH3; 0.1 and 0.2%), each for 5-min duration, were measured daily for 3 days before and for up to 8 days after MBP (10–20 μg) instillation into the trachea. During control, inhalations of SO2 and NH3 consistently elicited cough responses in a dose-dependent manner. After MBP treatment, cough responses to both SO2 and NH3 increased significantly and progressively and reached peaks 2–3 days after the treatment before returning to control level in 3–7 days. In sharp contrast, cough responses to these irritant gases were not affected by the treatment with the vehicle of MBP. These results suggest that the MBP-induced lingering elevation of cough responsiveness may be a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of chronic cough associated with eosinophilic infiltration of the airways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R93-R97
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume317
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported in part by National Institutes of Health Grants AI-123832, HL-96914, and UL1 TR-001998.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 the American Physiological Society.

Keywords

  • Airway
  • C-fiber
  • Cationic protein
  • Reflex
  • Vagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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