Counselor educators' gatekeeping responsibilities and students' first amendment rights

Neal Hutchens, Jason Block, Marianne Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In 2 recent legal cases, graduate counselor education students challenged the imposition of remediation plans as violating their First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and religion. With special emphasis on this recent litigation, the article examines the legal standards governing the authority of counselor educators at public colleges and universities, including professionalism and ethical rules as a part of curricular requirements to prohibit client discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-95
Number of pages14
JournalCounselor Education and Supervision
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • First Amendment
  • gatekeeping
  • internships
  • practicums
  • sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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