Critical point of Nf=3 QCD from lattice simulations in the canonical ensemble

Anyi Li, Andrei Alexandru, Keh Fei Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


A canonical ensemble algorithm is employed to study the phase diagram of Nf=3 QCD using lattice simulations. We lock in the desired quark number sector using an exact Fourier transform of the fermion determinant. We scan the phase space below Tc and look for an S-shape structure in the chemical potential, which signals the coexistence phase of a first order phase transition in finite volume. Applying Maxwell construction, we determine the boundaries of the coexistence phase at three temperatures and extrapolate them to locate the critical point. Using an improved gauge action and improved Wilson fermions on lattices with a spatial extent of 1.8 fm and quark masses close to that of the strange, we find the critical point at T E=0.925(5)Tc and baryon chemical potential μBE=2.60(8)Tc.

Original languageEnglish
Article number071503
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 21 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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