Aim: This study assessed the associations of pre-diabetes and insulin resistance with bleeding on probing (BOP) and periodontitis among adults. Materials and methods: We included 1191 Hispanic adults aged 40–65 years, free of diabetes, enrolled in San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study. Pre-diabetes was defined as impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or impaired glycated haemoglobin. Impaired one-hour plasma glucose (1hPG) was defined as levels >155 mg/dl. Insulin resistance was defined using the study population-specific 75th percentile (HOMA-IR ≥ 3.13). High BOP was defined as percentage of teeth with bleeding ≥30%. Periodontitis was defined according to the CDC/AAP definition. Results: After multivariable adjustment for age, gender, education, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, obesity, HDL-C, and plaque index, pre-diabetes with and without 1hPG, IFG, impaired 1hPG, IGT, and HOMA-IR were significantly associated with high BOP; pre-diabetes, IFG, and impaired 1hPG were significantly associated with severe periodontitis. Most of these associations remained significant when the analyses were restricted to non-smokers. Conclusions: This study suggests associations between pre-diabetes and insulin resistance with BOP and periodontitis. Given the high prevalence of impaired glucose metabolism and periodontitis, the assessment of the temporal sequence of these associations is of utmost importance.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Periodontology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to acknowledge the SOALS team (Dr. Frank Hu, Dr. Bruce Dye, Dr. Enrique Santiago, Lillian Col?n, Helson Lasanta, Tania Ginebra, Hilda Torres, and Elaine Rodr?guez) and the Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium laboratory personnel (Nilda Gonz?lez and Aracelis Arroyo) for their help during the study.
© 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- bleeding on probing
- impaired fasting glucose
- impaired glucose tolerance
- impaired glycated haemoglobin
- insulin resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas