Cryogenic cooling-induced process performance and surface integrity in drilling CFRP composite material

T. Xia, Y. Kaynak, C. Arvin, I. S. Jawahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


There has been a substantial growth in using carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite materials in aerospace and automotive industries due to their superior properties. This experimental study presents results from a comprehensive and systematic study investigating the effects of cryogenic cooling on drilling performance and surface integrity characteristics of CFRP composite material. Experimental data on cutting edge radius of drill bit, outer corner wear of drill bit, trust force, torque, delamination factor, and surface integrity characteristics, including borehole subsurface damage and diameter error of drilled hole, are presented and analyzed comparing dry drilling with cryogenic cooling of CFRP composite material. The findings demonstrate that cryogenic cooling has a profound effect on reducing the cutting edge rounding of drill bit and outer corner wear; it also helps enhancing the surface integrity characteristics of produced hole. However, cryogenic cooling generates larger thrust force, torque, and thus larger delamination factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-616
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag London.


  • CFRP composite
  • Cryogenic cooling
  • Drilling
  • Surface integrity
  • Tool-wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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