CSF protein changes associated with hippocampal sclerosis risk gene variants highlight impact of GRN/PGRN

David W. Fardo, Yuriko Katsumata, John S.K. Kauwe, Yuetiva Deming, Oscar Harari, Carlos Cruchaga, Peter T. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective Hippocampal sclerosis of aging (HS-Aging) is a common cause of dementia in older adults. We tested the variability in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins associated with previously identified HS-Aging risk single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Methods Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative cohort (ADNI; n = 237) data, combining both multiplexed proteomics CSF and genotype data, were used to assess the association between CSF analytes and risk SNPs in four genes (SNPs): GRN (rs5848), TMEM106B (rs1990622), ABCC9 (rs704180), and KCNMB2 (rs9637454). For controls, non-HS-Aging SNPs in APOE (rs429358/rs7412) and MAPT (rs8070723) were also analyzed against Aβ1-42 and total tau CSF analytes. Results The GRN risk SNP (rs5848) status correlated with variation in CSF proteins, with the risk allele (T) associated with increased levels of AXL Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (AXL), TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand Receptor 3 (TRAIL-R3), Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and clusterin (CLU) (all p < 0.05 after Bonferroni correction). The TRAIL-R3 correlation was significant in meta-analysis with an additional dataset (p = 5.05 × 10− 5). Further, the rs5848 SNP status was associated with increased CSF tau protein – a marker of neurodegeneration (p = 0.015). These data are remarkable since this GRN SNP has been found to be a risk factor for multiple types of dementia-related brain pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Gerontology
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.


  • Biomarkers
  • Clusterin
  • Granulin
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Progranulin
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology


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