Cumulative Risk for Children’s Behavior Problems and Child Abuse Potential among Mothers Receiving Substance Use Treatment: The Unique Role of Parenting Stress

Stephanie Gusler, Angela Moreland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is a high prevalence of children whose parents suffer with a substance use disorder (SUD), which is associated with negative outcomes for children such as behavior problems and parents’ child abuse potential. To understand negative consequences for children, it is important to consider a cumulative risk model, examining the impact of multiple co-occurring risks, as well as examine unique singular risk factors, such as parenting stress, which may have a direct effect on outcomes as well as mediate an association between cumulative risk and outcomes. Data came from 99 mothers with SUD, engaged in a substance treatment program. Results found support for a cumulative risk model for child behavior problems and parents’ child abuse potential, without the inclusion of parenting stress. However, parenting stress partially and fully mediated the relation between cumulative risk and child behavior problems and cumulative risk and parent child abuse potential, respectively. Results suggest the importance of intervention programs targeting parenting stress, to help reduce child behavior problems and parents’ child abuse potential, among parents with high levels of risk and SUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-109
Number of pages15
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA) [K12-5K12DA031794-03]

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Cumulative risk
  • behavior problems
  • child abuse potential
  • parenting stress
  • substance use disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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