Cyclic AMP mediates circadian phase shifts induced by microinjection of serotonergic drugs in the hamster dorsal raphe nucleus

Marilyn J. Duncan, Verda A. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously shown that pretreatment with a 5-HT7 receptor antagonist, SB-269970-A, attenuated phase shifts induced by microinjections of serotonergic agonists in the hamster dorsal raphe (Duncan, M.J., Grear, K.E., Hoskins, M.A.; Brain Research 1008:40-48, 2004). Although SB-269970-A is highly selective for the 5-HT7 receptors, it has moderate affinity for the 5-HT5A receptors, which are present in the hamster dorsal raphe. To further test whether the 5-HT7 receptors mediate the phase shifting effect of serotonergic agonists in the dorsal raphe, we investigated the role of cAMP because this second messenger is increased by activation of the 5-HT 7 receptors but inhibited by activation of the 5-HT5A or 5-HT1A receptors. As an additional control experiment, the effect of WAY-100,635, an antagonist to the 5-HT1A receptors, was tested. The results showed that local administration of Rp-cAMPS (1 μM), a cAMP antagonist, significantly reduced the phase shift induced by the 5-HT 1A/5A/7 agonist, (R)-(+)8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (10 μM), microinjected into the dorsal raphe 6 h before lights off. Furthermore, microinjection of 8-bromo-cAMP (50 μM) induced significantly larger phase shifts than vehicle. In the last experiment, microinjection of the dorsal raphe with WAY-100,635 (50 nM) before the 5-HT1A/5A/7 agonist, 5-carboxyamidotryptamine (100 nM), did not significantly affect the phase shift. These results show that activation of cAMP-dependent kinase by cAMP is necessary and sufficient for induction of phase shifts by serotonergic drugs in the hamster dorsal raphe. Furthermore, these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the 5-HT7 but not the 5-HT5A or 5-HT 1A receptors mediate serotonergic phase shifts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-16
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume1058
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by NIH grant AG 13418 to M.J.D.

Keywords

  • 5-HT receptor
  • 5-carboximidotryptamine
  • 8-OH-DPAT
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Serotonin
  • WAY-100,635

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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