Defects in cell growth regulation by C18:0-ceramide and longevity assurance gene 1 in human head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Serap Koybasi, Can E. Senkal, Kamala Sundararaj, Stefka Spassieva, Jacek Bielawski, Walid Osta, Terry A. Day, James C. Jiang, S. Michal Jazwinski, Yusuf A. Hannun, Lina M. Obeid, Besim Ogretmen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

197 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, endogenous long chain ceramides were measured in 32 human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and 10 nonsquamous head and neck carcinoma tumor tissues, as compared with adjacent noncancerous tissues, by liquid chromatography/ mass spectroscopy. Interestingly, only one specific ceramide, C18:0-ceramide, was selectively down-regulated in the majority of HNSCC tumor tissues. On the other hand, in nonsquamous tumor tissues, this selectivity for C18-ceramide was not detected. These data suggested the hypotheses that decreased levels of C18-ceramide might impart a growth advantage to HNSCC cells and that increased generation of C18-ceramide may be involved in the inhibition of growth. These roles were examined by reconstitution of C18-ceramide at physiologically relevant concentrations in UM-SCC-22A cells (squamous cell carcinoma of hypopharynx) via overexpression of mammalian upstream regulator of growth and differentiation factor 1 (mUOG1), a mouse homologue of longevity assurance gene 1 (mLAG1), which has been shown to specifically induce the generation of C 18-ceramide. Liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy analysis showed that overexpression of the mLAG1/ mUOG1 resulted in increased levels of only C18:0-ceramide by ∼2-fold, i.e. concentrations similar to those of normal head and neck tissues. Importantly, increased generation of C 18-ceramide by mLAG1/mUOG1 inhibited cell growth (∼70-80%), which mechanistically involved the modulation of telomerase activity and induction of apoptotic cell death by mitochondrial dysfunction. In conclusion, this study demonstrates, for the first time, a biological role for LAG1 and C 18-ceramide in the regulation of growth of HNSCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44311-44319
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 22 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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