ABGG5 (G5) and ABCG8 (G8) are ABC half-transporters that dimerize within the endoplasmic reticulum, traffic to the cell surface, and mediate cholesterol excretion into bile. Mice harboring defects in the leptin axis (db/db and ob/ob) have reduced biliary cholesterol concentrations. Rapid weight loss brought about by administration of leptin or dietary restriction increases biliary cholesterol excretion. We hypothesized that the reduction in biliary cholesterol in mice harboring defects in the leptin axis is associated with a reduction in G5G8 transporters and that levels of the transporter would increase with leptin administration and dietary restriction. We examined mRNA and protein levels for G5 and G8 in db/db and ob/ob mice. In both models G5 and G8 protein levels were reduced. In ob/ob mice, both leptin administration and dietary restriction increased G5 and G8 protein and biliary cholesterol concentrations. Finally, we examined the effects of tauroursodeoxycholate, which has been shown to increase biliary cholesterol excretion and function as a molecular chaperone. Tauroursodeoxycholate increased G5 and G8 protein and biliary cholesterol concentrations in both wild-type and db/db mice. Our results indicate that the mechanism for reduced biliary cholesterol excretion in db/db and ob/ob mice involves reductions in G5 and G8 protein levels and that this may occur at the level of G5G8 heterodimer assembly within the endoplasmic reticulum.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 3 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology