Dehydration of 1,5-Pentanediol over Na-Doped CeO2 Catalysts

Muthu Kumaran Gnanamani, Gary Jacobs, Michela Martinelli, Wilson D. Shafer, Shelley D. Hopps, Gerald A. Thomas, Burtron H. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of CeO2 doped with Na on the dehydration of 1,5-pentanediol were studied by using a fixed-bed reactor at two different temperatures (350 and 400 °C) and atmospheric pressure. For characterization, BET surface area, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction, CO2 temperature-programmed desorption, and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy techniques were utilized. The conversion of the diol on CeO2 was found to depend on Na loading. The selectivity to the desired product (i.e., unsaturated alcohol) increased and the selectivity to undesired products (i.e., tetrahydropyran, tetrahydropyran-2-one, cyclopentanol and cylopentanone) decreased with increasing Na content on CeO2. The basicity of hydroxyl groups or surface oxygen on CeO2 was altered with the addition of Na, and controlled the dehydration reaction pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1154
Number of pages7
JournalChemCatChem
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • alcohols
  • basicity
  • cerium
  • doping
  • olefination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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