Deletion of the GABAA receptor α1 subunit increases tonic GABAA receptor current: A role for GABA uptake transporters

Pavel I. Ortinski, Jill R. Turner, Andrea Barberis, Gholam Motamedi, Robert P. Yasuda, Barry B. Wolfe, Kenneth J. Kellar, Stefano Vicini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The loss of more than half the number of GABAA receptors yet lack of pronounced phenotype in mice lacking the gene for the GABAA α1 subunit is somewhat paradoxical. We explored the role of tonic GABAA receptor-mediated current as a target of compensatory regulation in the α1 knock-out (-/-) mice. A 62% increase of tonic current was observed in the cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) of α1-/- compared with wild-type (+/+) mice along with a 67% increase of baseline current variance. Examination of whole-cell currents evoked by low concentrations of GABA and 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol suggested no upregulation of α6 and δ subunit-containing GABAA receptors in the α1-/-, confirming previous biochemical studies. Single-channel current openings were on average 32% shorter in the α1-/- neurons. Single-channel conductance and frequency of opening were not different between genotypes. Tonic current induced by application of the GABA transporter GAT-1 blocker NO711 (1- [2([(diphenylmethylene)imino]oxy)ethyl]-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid hydrochloride) was significantly larger in the α1-/-, suggesting an increase of ambient GABA concentration. Experiments done with a known concentration of extracellular GABA complemented by a series of biochemical experiments revealed a reduction of GAT activity in α1 -/- without an identifiable reduction of GAT-1 or GAT-3 protein. We report increased tonic GABAA receptor-mediated current in the α1-/- CGCs as a novel compensatory mechanism. Our data establish a role for GABA transporters as regulators of neuronal excitability in this and relevant models and examine other tonic conductance-regulating mechanisms responsible for the adaptive response of the cerebellar network to a deletion of a major synaptic GABAA receptor subunit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9323-9331
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume26
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2006

Keywords

  • GABA
  • GABA transporter
  • Knock-out
  • Patch-clamp
  • Tonic inhibition
  • α1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)

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