Dental implant surgery and risk of bleeding in patients on antithrombotic medications: A review of the literature

Branislav V. Bajkin, Michael J. Wahl, Craig S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This literature review was performed to assess the risk of bleeding in dental implantation procedures in patients taking antiplatelet drugs (APs), oral anticoagulants (OACs) and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Study Design: MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases were searched for English language publications through October 2019, using the keywords “dental implants,” “dental implantation,” “anticoagulants,” “platelet aggregation inhibitors,” and “hemorrhage.” Reference lists of relevant articles were also hand searched. Collected data regarding dental implantation procedures, type of medications (APs, OACs and DOAC), and postoperative bleeding episodes were analyzed. Results: Nine studies were included in the review. Postoperative bleeding occurred in 10 (2.2%) of 456 of cases involving dental implant placements; in all of those cases, bleeding was controlled with the use of local hemostatic agents. The bleeding incidence in patients on antiplatelet medications was 0.4% (range 1 of 253 to 1 of 261). Among those taking oral anticoagulants, the bleeding incidence was 5.7% (range 6 of 105 to 6 of 113), and among those on direct oral anticoagulants, the bleeding incidence was 3.3% (3 of 90). The numbers of more extensive surgical procedures (i.e., sinus lift and bone augmentation procedures) were small, and additional information regarding the surgery, the specific antithrombotic used, or bleeding was often not provided, so further analysis was not possible. Conclusions: Evidence supports continuing OACs, DOACs, or APs during dental implant surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-532
Number of pages11
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Volume130
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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