Dentin dysplasia, type II linkage to chromosome 4q

Jeffrey A. Dean, James K. Hartsfield, J. Timothy Wright, Thomas C. Hart

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48 Scopus citations


Dentin dysplasia, type II (MIM(*)125420) is an autosomal dominant disorder of dentin development. Clinically the primary dentition appears opalescent, and radiographically the pulp chambers are obliterated, resembling dentinogenesis imperfecta. However, unlike dentinogenesis imperfecta, the permanent teeth in dentin dysplasia, type II are normal in color and, on radiographs, have a thistle-tube pulp chamber configuration with pulp stones. The similarity of the primary dentition phenotype suggested that the gene for dentin dysplasia, type II is allelic with the gene for dentinogenesis imperfecta. Shields type II (DGI1; MIM(*)125490), which has been localized to chromosome 4q13-q21. Twenty-four members of a three generation family in which ten members are affected with dentin dysplasia, type II were genotyped for microsatellite alleles specific for the area of chromosome 4q linked to DGI1. Linkage was assessed by using the LINKAGE computer program, assuming autosomal dominant inheritance, a disease allele frequency of 0.0001, and complete penetrance. The maximum two-point LOD score (Z(max) = 4.2 at Θ = 0.0) was obtained with SPP1 and D4S2691. Multipoint analysis gave a maximum LOD score of 4.33. The candidate region for dentin dysplasia, type II is approximately 14.1 cM, includes SPP1, D4S2691, D4S2690, D4S451, and D4S2456, and overlaps the most likely location of the DGI1 locus. A candidate gene for DGI1 should also be considered a candidate gene for dentin dysplasia, type II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997


  • Dentin disorder
  • Dentinogenesis imperfecta
  • Genotype
  • Human dentin
  • Microsatellites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology


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