Depressive symptoms and outcomes in patients with heart failure: Data from the COACH study

Ivonne Lesman-Leegte, Dirk J. Van Veldhuisen, Hans L. Hillege, Debra Moser, Robbert Sanderman, Tiny Jaarsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


Aims To study the prognostic value of depressive symptoms on heart failure (HF) readmission and mortality, in a large and clinically relevant population of hospitalized HF patients adjusted for disease severity by B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level. Methods and results We studied 958 patients enrolled after hospitalization for HF; 37 female; mean age 71 ± 11 years; New York Heart Association class II (51) or III/IV (49). Left ventricular ejection fraction: 33 ± 14, and median BNP level: 454 pg/mL (75 CI, 195-876 pg/mL). In total, 377 patients (39) had depressive symptoms [Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score ≥16] and 200 (21) had severe depressive symptoms (score ≥24). During 18 months of follow-up, 386 (40) patients reached the primary endpoint of death or readmission for HF. In multivariate analyses, CES-D was significantly associated with the primary endpoint [hazard ratio (HR) 1.13, P = 0.02], and also with both individual components of the primary endpoint [HF readmission (HR 1.165, P = 0.02) and mortality (HR 1.169, P = 0.02)]. Patients with severe depressive symptoms had a >40 higher risk for HF readmission or death. Conclusion In patients with HF, depression is independently associated with poor outcomes. These findings highlight the need for continued exploration of whether improvements in depression lead to better cardiovascular outcomes.The study was registered at clinical trial ( NCT 98675639.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1202-1207
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2009


  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Heart failure
  • Prognosis
  • Readmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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