Designing Online Learning Environments to Support Problem-Based Learning

Xun Ge, Kun Huang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Problem-based learning (PBL) represents an instructional approach through which learning is gained by investigating, negotiating, and resolving meaningful problems. PBL can be challenging to implement, and the online learning ecology adds another layer of challenges as it demands effective interactions between pedagogy and technology. To inform the design of online learning environments to support PBL, this chapter presents a practical pedagogical framework to support four key aspects of PBL implementation: (1) preparation and planning, (2) design and development, (3) implementation and facilitation, and (4) assessment. Strategies, tools, and examples were drawn from the literature to address each aspect.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Open, Distance and Digital Education
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9789811920806
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • Distance education
  • Hybrid education
  • Inquiry learning
  • Instructional design
  • Online learning
  • PBL
  • Problem-based learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (all)


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