Sudden death related to hypoglycemia is thought to be due to cardiac arrhythmias. A clearer understanding of the cardiac changes associated with hypoglycemia is needed to reduce mortality. The objective of this work was to identify distinct patterns of electrocardiogram heartbeat changes that correlated with glycemic level, diabetes status, and mortality using a rodent model. Electrocardiogram and glucose measurements were collected from 54 diabetic and 37 non-diabetic rats undergoing insulin-induced hypoglycemic clamps. Shapebased unsupervised clustering was performed to identify distinct clusters of electrocardiogram heartbeats, and clustering performance was assessed using internal evaluation metrics. Clusters were evaluated by experimental conditions of diabetes status, glycemic level, and death status. Overall, shape-based unsupervised clustering identified 10 clusters of ECG heartbeats across multiple internal evaluation metrics. Several clusters demonstrating normal ECG morphology were specific to hypoglycemia conditions (Clusters 3, 5, and 8), non-diabetic rats (Cluster 4), or were generalized among all experimental conditions (Cluster 1). In contrast, clusters demonstrating QT prolongation alone or a combination of QT, PR, and QRS prolongation were specific to severe hypoglycemia experimental conditions and were stratified heartbeats by non-diabetic (Clusters 2 and 6) or diabetic status (Clusters 9 and 10). One cluster demonstrated an arrthymogenic waveform with premature ventricular contractions and was specific to heartbeats from severe hypoglycemia conditions (Cluster 7). Overall, this study provides the first data-driven characterization of ECG heartbeats in a rodent model of diabetes during hypoglycemia.
|Issue number||5 May|
|State||Published - May 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 Mistry et al.
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