Development of Catechin, Poly- l -lysine, and Double-Stranded RNA Nanoparticles

Ramesh Kumar Dhandapani, Dhandapani Gurusamy, Subba Reddy Palli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Developing strategies to optimize double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) delivery remains a significant challenge in improving RNA interference (RNAi) in insects. Nanoformulations may provide an avenue for the safe and effective delivery of dsRNA. We investigated nanoparticle-mediated gene silencing using biodegradable polymers, poly-l-lysine (PLL), and polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for dsRNA delivery into Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells. Negatively charged cores were formed by EGCG and dsRNA complexes, and PLL was used to encapsulate the cores. The nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS) analysis. The stability of the nanoparticles was assessed by incubating them in nuclease-containing Sf9 cell conditioned media. The effectiveness of the nanoparticles was investigated in Sf9 cells stably expressing the luciferase gene. The results revealed that the nanoparticles formed were small and spherical. The PLL/EGCG/dsRNA nanoparticles exhibited better stability compared to that of PLL/dsRNA or naked dsRNA. Nanoparticles prepared with dsRNA targeting the luciferase gene induced an efficient knockdown (66.7%) of the target gene. In Sf9 cells, nanoparticles prepared with Cy3- or CyPHer-5E-labeled dsRNA showed higher cellular uptake and endosomal escape, respectively, than the naked dsRNA. The improvement in uptake and cytosolic delivery may have helped to increase the knockdown efficiency. In Sf9 cells, the nanoparticles prepared with dsRNA targeting the inhibitor of apoptosis gene induced apoptosis by knocking down its expression. In conclusion, we demonstrate that PLL/EGCG/dsRNA nanoparticles are stable, highly efficient, and effective in dsRNA delivery and knockdown of the target gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4310-4318
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Bio Materials
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 17 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society.


  • Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells
  • catechin
  • double-stranded RNA
  • gene knockdown
  • poly-l-lysine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biochemistry, medical


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