Development of immersed boundary computational aeroacoustic prediction capabilities for open-rotor noise

C. Brehm, M. F. Barad, C. C. Kiris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


A sharp immersed boundary computational aeroacoustic simulation approach for open-rotor direct noise predictions is presented. A specific feature of the finite-difference based immersed boundary method is that the stencil coefficients in the vicinity of the immersed boundary are determined in such a way that the stability of the numerical scheme is improved. The characteristics of this immersed boundary method are discussed for acoustic scattering and the treatment of moving boundaries, such as accounting for freshly cleared and dead cells, efficient geometry queries and efficient computation of irregular boundary stencils and point clouds in the vicinity of the immersed boundary. It is shown that the numerical error when considering moving boundary problems consistently scales with the order of accuracy of the boundary discretization. Finally, the method is applied to simulate the flow around a contra-rotating open rotor at take-off and cruise conditions where experimental data is available for comparison. Excellent agreement for the noise predictions of the contra-rotating open rotor system are obtained between the numerical simulations and the experimental noise measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)690-716
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.


  • Acoustic scattering
  • Computational aero-acoustics
  • Higher-order finite differences
  • Immersed boundary method
  • Moving boundary
  • Rotor noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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