Developmental Trajectories of Religious Service Attendance: Predictors of Nicotine Dependence and Alcohol Dependence/Abuse in Early Midlife

Chenshu Zhang, Judith S. Brook, Carl G. Leukefeld, David W. Brook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This longitudinal study assesses the associations between developmental trajectories of religious service attendance from mean age 14 to mean age 43 and nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence/abuse at mean age 43 (N = 548). Six trajectories of religious service attendance were identified. As compared with belonging to weekly stable trajectory group, a higher probability of belonging to the weekly/none decreasing, occasional stable, and non-attendance trajectory group was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of nicotine dependence. In addition, as compared with belonging to weekly stable trajectory group, a higher probability of belonging to the weekly/none decreasing, weekly/occasional decreasing, occasional stable, and non-attendance trajectory group was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of alcohol dependence/abuse. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that religious service attendance protects against nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence/abuse in early midlife.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1766-1779
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by NIH Grants DA032603 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse awarded to Dr. Judith S. Brook. We thank Elizabeth Rubenstone and Linda Capobianco for their assistances and helpful advices to the study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Alcohol dependence/abuse
  • Growth mixture modeling
  • Longitudinal study
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Trajectories of religious service attendance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (all)
  • Religious studies

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