Diagnostic Imaging Services in Magnet and Non-Magnet Hospitals: Trends in Utilization and Costs

Jayani Jayawardhana, John M. Welton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose The purpose of this study was to better understand trends in utilization and costs of diagnostic imaging services at Magnet hospitals (MHs) and non-Magnet hospitals (NMHs). Methods A data set was created by merging hospital-level data from the American Hospital Association's annual survey and Medicare cost reports, individual-level inpatient data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, and Magnet recognition status data from the American Nurses Credentialing Center. A descriptive analysis was conducted to evaluate the trends in utilization and costs of CT, MRI, and ultrasound procedures among MHs and NMHs in urban locations between 2000 and 2006 from the following ten states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, and Washington. Results When matched by bed size, severity of illness (case mix index), and clinical technological sophistication (Saidin index) quantiles, MHs in higher quantiles indicated higher rates of utilization of imaging services for MRI, CT, and ultrasound in comparison with NMHs in the same quantiles. However, average costs of MRI, CT, and ultrasounds were lower at MHs in comparison with NMHs in the same quantiles. Conclusions Overall, MHs that are larger in size (number of beds), serve more severely ill patients (case mix index), and are more technologically sophisticated (Saidin index) show higher utilization of diagnostic imaging services, although costs per procedure at MHs are lower in comparison with similar NMHs, indicating possible cost efficiency at MHs. Further research is necessary to understand the relationship between the utilization of diagnostic imaging services among MHs and its impact on patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1363
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Radiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American College of Radiology


  • Diagnostic imaging services
  • Magnet hospitals
  • costs
  • utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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