Dialogue to deliberation: Expanding the Empowerment education model

Laura H. Downey, Chike Anyaegbunam, F. Douglas Scutchfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: To explore the importance of a theoretical framework, the Empowerment education model (EEM), that can be used in participatory research. A deliberative project in one community in eastern Kentucky exemplifies the use of the EEM in participatory research. Methods: Research techniques include surveys, focus groups, community forums, and photovoice. Results: This project presents preliminary evidence that participatory projects might benefit if the dialogue phase of the EEM is followed by a deliberative phase. Conclusion: The theoretical underpinnings of the EEM could be expanded to include dialogue and deliberation in participatory efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-36
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Deliberation
  • Dialogue
  • Empowerment
  • Health education theory
  • Participatory action research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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