Diaphragmatic lipid peroxidation in chronically loaded rats

G. S. Supinski, D. Nethery, D. Stofan, W. Hirschfield, A. Dimarco

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19 Scopus citations


Recent work indicates that free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation takes place within the diaphragm on strenuous contraction. This phenomenon has only been demonstrated using fairly artificial experimental models and has not been studied during the type of sustained respiratory loading typically seen in patients with lung disease. The purpose of the present study was to measure the levels of several biochemical markers of protein oxidation (protein carbonyl levels) and lipid peroxidation (8-isoprostane, reduced glutathione, and oxidized glutathione levels) in diaphragms of rats subjected to chronic respiratory loading. Respiratory loading was accomplished by tracheal banding; groups of animals were loaded for 4, 8, or 12 days, and a group of sham-operated unloaded animals was used as controls. After loading, animals were killed, diaphragm contractility was assessed in vitro by using a portion of the excised diaphragm, and the remaining diaphragm and the soleus muscles were used for biochemical analysis. We found diminished force generation in diaphragms from all groups of banded animals compared with muscles from controls. For example, twitch force averaged 7.8 ± 0.8 (SE) N/cm2 in unloaded animals and 4.0 ± 0.4, 3.0 ± 0.4, and 3.4 ± 0.4 N/cm2 in animals loaded for 4, 8, and 12 days, respectively (P < 0.0001). Loading also elicited increases in diaphragmatic protein carbonyl concentrations (P < 0.001), and the time course of alterations in carbonyl levels paralleled loading-induced alterations in the diaphragm force- frequency relationship. Although loading was also associated with increases in diaphragmatic 8-isoprostane levels (P < 0.003) and reductions in diaphragm reduced glutathione levels (P < 0.003), the time course of changes in these latter parameters did not correspond to alterations in force. Soleus glutathione and carbonyl levels were not altered by banding. We speculate that respiratory loading-induced alterations in diaphragmatic force generation may be related to free radical-mediated protein oxidation, but not to free radical-induced lipid peroxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-658
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1999


  • Diaphragm
  • Free radicals
  • Respiratory muscles
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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