Diffusion induced stresses and strain energy in a phase-transforming spherical electrode particle

Rutooj Deshpande, Yang Tse Cheng, Mark W. Verbrugge, Adam Timmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations


Lithium insertion and removal in lithium ion battery electrodes can result in diffusion induced stresses (DISs) which may cause fracture and decrepitation of electrodes. Many lithium ion electrode materials undergo formation of two or more phases during lithium insertion or removal. In this work, we mathematically investigate the DISs in phase transforming electrodes using a core-shell structural model. We examine the concentration jumps at phase boundaries that result in stress discontinuities, which in turn can cause cracking. The influence of the mechanical properties of the two phases on stress evolution, stress discontinuity, and strain energy are clarified. The trends obtained with the model may be used to help tune electrode materials with appropriate interfacial and bulk properties so as to increase the durability of battery electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A718-A724
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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