Direct and indirect targets of the arabidopsis seed transcription factor ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3

Ran Tian, Fangfang Wang, Qiaolin Zheng, Venus M.A.G.E. Niza, A. Bruce Downie, Sharyn E. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Arabidopsis thaliana ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3) is a transcription factor in the B3 domain family. ABI3, along with B3 domain transcription factors LEAFY COTYLEDON2 (LEC2) and FUSCA3 (FUS3), and LEC1, a subunit of the CCAAT box-binding complex, form the so-called LAFL network to control various aspects of seed development and maturation. ABI3 also contributes to the abscisic acid (ABA) response. We report on chromatin immunoprecipitation-tiling array experiments to map binding sites for ABI3 globally. We also assessed transcriptomes in response to ABI3 by comparing developing abi3-5 and wild-type seeds and combined this information to ascertain direct and indirect responsive ABI3 target genes. ABI3 can induce and repress its transcription of target genes directly and some intriguing differences exist in cis motifs between these groups of genes. Directly regulated targets reflect the role of ABI3 in seed maturation, desiccation tolerance, entry into a quiescent state and longevity. Interestingly, ABI3 directly represses a gene encoding a microRNA (MIR160B) that targets AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR (ARF)10 and ARF16 that are involved in establishment of dormancy. In addition, ABI3, like FUS3, regulates genes encoding MIR156 but while FUS3 only induces genes encoding this product, ABI3 induces these genes during the early stages of seed development, but represses these genes during late development. The interplay between ABI3, the other LAFL genes, and the VP1/ABI3-LIKE (VAL) genes, which are involved in the transition to seedling development are examined and reveal complex interactions controlling development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1679-1694
Number of pages16
JournalPlant Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Society for Experimental Biology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd


  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • ChIP
  • gene regulation
  • microRNA
  • seed development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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