Direct borohydride fuel cell using Ni-based composite anodes

Jia Ma, Yogeshwar Sahai, Rudolph G. Buchheit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, nickel-based composite anode catalysts consisting of Ni with either Pd on carbon or Pt on carbon (the ratio of Ni:Pd or Ni:Pt being 25:1) were prepared for use in direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs). Cathode catalysts used were 1 mg cm-2 Pt/C or Pd electrodeposited on activated carbon cloth. The oxidants were oxygen, oxygen in air, or acidified hydrogen peroxide. Alkaline solution of sodium borohydride was used as fuel in the cell. High power performance has been achieved by DBFC using non-precious metal, Ni-based composite anodes with relatively low anodic loading (e.g., 270 mW cm-2 for NaBH4/O2 fuel cell at 60 °C, 665 mW cm-2 for NaBH4/H2O2 fuel cell at 60 °C). Effects of temperature, oxidant, and anode catalyst loading on the DBFC performance were investigated. The cell was operated for about 100 h and its performance stability was recorded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4709-4713
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cell performance
  • Direct borohydride fuel cell
  • Fuel cell
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Nickel-based composite
  • Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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