This study examined the relationship between drug use and violence victimization among incarcerated women in Appalachian Kentucky. The purpose of this study was to test the utility of Goldstein’s tripartite conceptual framework among rural incarcerated women, by examining whether distinct drugs/violence nexus groups could be classified based on psychopharmacological, economic-compulsive, and systemic factors. This study used secondary data from a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)-funded grant focused on risk reduction among high-risk incarcerated women in Appalachia (N = 400). Predicted drugs/violence groups were developed using a series of discriminant function analyses. The data yielded three statistically significant discriminant models. Findings of the classified groupings indicated support for three distinct drugs/violence victimization subgroups. The psychopharmacological group showed the greatest prevalence (n = 181; Wilks’s λ =.389, F = 3.94, p <.001), followed by the economic-compulsive group (n = 77; Wilks’s λ =.584, F = 11.86, p <.001) and systemic group (n = 55) significant (Wilks’s λ =.994, F = 2.247, p <.035). To date, this is the first study to report a relationship between systemic violence victimization among rural communities. These findings could offer novel considerations for theory development and implications for clinical practice regarding the drug-related risks for violence victimization among rural incarcerated women.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of Interpersonal Violence|
|State||Published - Jan 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
G.A.V. contributed to the conceptualization, writing, and data analysis of this manuscript. M.S. contributed meaningful consultation of the conceptualization and methodology, edits, and writing of the manuscript and provided the data for the study. The University of Kentucky’s Applied Statistics Laboratory also provided consultation on the statistical methods utilized in this study. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) of the National Institutes of Health (R01-DA0338666).
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) of the National Institutes of Health (R01-DA0338666).
© The Author(s) 2020.
- alcohol and drugs
- community violence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Applied Psychology