Background: Disialoganglioside GD3 is expressed on the surface of selected cell types. Anti-GD3 mAb administered to human subjects with malignant melanoma produces signs and symptoms of immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Objective: The expression of GD3 by human mast cells was assessed during mast cell development in vitro and in samples of lung and skin. Methods: GD3 on tissue- and in vitro-derived mast cells was analyzed after double labeling of cells for tryptase (G3 mAb) or Kit (YB5.B8 mAb) and GD3 (R24 mAb). Glycolipids in extracts of fetal liver-derived mast cells were examined by using high-performance thin-layer chromatography. Results: Flow cytometry showed that the percentage of GD3+ cells increased in parallel to Kit+ cells during the recombinant human stem cell factor-dependent development of fetal liver-derived mast cells. Double-labeling experiments showed that GD3+ cells were also surface Kit+ and granule tryptase positive, identifying them as mast cells in preparations of lung-, skin-, fetal liver-, and cord blood-derived cells. The major acidic glycolipid detected was NeuAcα2-8NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-4Glcβ1-1′Cer (GD3). Among peripheral blood leukocytes, only basophils and about 10% of the T cells were labeled with anti-GD3 mAb. Anti-GD3 mAb-conjugated magnetic beads were used to purify mast cells to greater than 90% purity from dispersed skin cells enriched to approximately 12% purity by means of density-dependent sedimentation but were less proficient for dispersed human lung mast cells, most likely because of other cell types that express GD3. Conclusion: GD3 is expressed on the surface of developing human mast cells in parallel to tryptase in secretory granules and, like Kit, can serve as a target for their enrichment by immunoaffinity techniques.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|State||Published - 2001|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by grants AI20487 and AI27517 from the National Institutes of Health.
- Mast cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy