Dispositional envy

Richard H. Smith, W. Gerrod Parrott, Edward F. Diener, Rick H. Hoyle, Sung Hee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

295 Scopus citations


Although many scholars have argued that individual differences in proneness to envy can have wide-ranging implications for social interactions, the empirical testing of these claims is largely undeveloped. We created a single-factor Dispositional Envy Scale (DES) to measure individual differences in tendencies to envy, and examined some of the implications of such differences. Study 1 indicated that the DES is a reliable, stable measure, containing items suiting theoretical criteria for the makeup of dispositional envy. Study 2 supported the construct validity of the DES by showng that it is correlated with other individual difference measures in theoretically compatible ways. Studies 3 and 4 supplied diverse ways of establishing the criterion-related validity of the DES by showing that it moderated envious responses to another person's superiority and that it predicted envy beyond other correlated individual measures of neuroticism, self-esteem, cynical hostility, and socially desirable responding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1020
Number of pages14
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Dispositional envy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this