Distinct effects of enriched environment on dopamine clearance in nucleus accumbens shell and core following systemic nicotine administration

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Environmental enrichment during development may reduce drug abuse liability by modulating dopamine transporter (DAT) function. Nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell and core respond differentially to regulate the rewarding properties and locomotor stimulant effects of psychostimulants. The current study evaluated dopamine (DA) clearance (CLDA) in the NAc shell and core using in vivo voltammetry in rats raised in an enriched condition (EC) or an impoverished condition (IC) and determined the effect of nicotine (0.4 mg/kg) on CLDA. Baseline CLDA in NAc shell and core was not different between EC and IC rats. In the saline control group, CLDA in NAc shell was greater across time in IC when compared with EC rats, whereas CLDA in NAc core was greater in EC rats when compared with IC rats. Consistent with these findings, opposite effects of enrichment on DA clearance in shell and core were obtained following acute nicotine administration. In NAc shell, nicotine increased CLDA in EC rats, but not in IC rats. Conversely, in NAc core, nicotine increased CLDA in IC rats, but not in EC rats. The current results demonstrate that environmental enrichment differentially regulates the response to nicotine in NAc shell and core via alterations in DAT function, which may explain how environmental enrichment reduces the behavioral response to nicotine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-67
Number of pages11
JournalSynapse
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Dopamine clearance
  • Dopamine transporter
  • Environmental enrichment
  • In vivo voltammetry
  • Nicotine
  • Nucleus accumbens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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