Dominant suppressor mutation bypasses the sphingolipid requirement for growth of Saccharomyces cells at low pH: Role of the CWP2 gene

Marek Skrzypek, Robert L. Lester, Peter Spielmann, Nathan Zingg, Judith Shelling, Robert C. Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae termed sphingolipid compensatory (SLC) do not grow at low pH when the cells lack sphingolipids. To begin to understand why sphingolipids are required for growth at low pH, we isolated derivatives of SLC strains, termed low pH resistant (Lpr(R)), carrying the LPR suppressor gene that allows growth at pH 4.1 when cells lack sphingolipids. Suppression is due to mutation of a single nuclear gene. The LPR suppressor gene functions, at least in part, by enhancing the ability of cells lacking sphingolipids to generate a net efflux of protons in suspension fluid with a pH range of 4.0-6.0. The LPR suppressor gene also enables cells lacking sphingolipids to maintain their intracellular pH near neutrality when the pH of the suspension fluid is low, unlike cells lacking the suppressor gene, which cannot maintain their intracellular pH in the face of a low external pH. These results demonstrate that some functions(s) of sphingolipids necessary for growth at low pH can be bypassed by a suppressor mutation. Attempts to clone the LPR suppressor gene were not successful, but they led to the isolation of the CWP2 gene, which encodes a major mannoprotein component of the outer cell wall. It was isolated because an increased copy number has the unusual property of increasing the frequency at which Lpr(R) strains arise. As we show here, part of the reason for this effect is that the CWP2 gene is essential for generating a net efflux of protons and for controlling intracellular pH in Lpr(R) strains that lack sphingolipids. These results suggest new cellular functions for the Cwp2 protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Genetics
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements Initial work was supported by a grant from the NSF-Kentucky EPSCoR Program (grant no. EHR 9108764) to R.C.D., R.L.L., and J.G.S. The project was completed using support from NIH grant GM41302 to R.L.L. and R.C.D.

Keywords

  • Cell wall
  • Intracellular pH
  • PMA1
  • Proton pumping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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