Dose-response curve and optimal dosing regimen of cyclosporin A after traumatic brain injury in rats

P. G. Sullivan, A. G. Rabchevsky, R. R. Hicks, T. R. Gibson, A. Fletcher-Turner, S. W. Scheff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute neuropathology following experimental traumatic brain injury results in the rapid necrosis of cortical tissue at the site of injury. This primary injury is exacerbated in the ensuing hours and days via the progression of secondary injury mechanism(s) leading to significant neurological dysfunction. Recent evidence from our laboratory demonstrates that the immunosuppressant cyclosporin A significantly ameliorates cortical damage following traumatic brain injury. The present study extends the previous findings utilizing a unilateral controlled cortical impact model of traumatic brain injury in order to establish a dose-response curve and optimal dosing regimen of cyclosporin A. Following injury to adult rats, cyclosporin A was administrated at various dosages and the therapy was initiated at different times post-injury. In addition to examining the effect of cyclosporin A on the acute disruption of the blood-brain barrier following controlled cortical impact, we also assessed the efficacy of cyclosporin A to reduce tissue damage utilizing the fluid percussion model of traumatic brain injury. The findings demonstrate that the neuroprotection afforded by cyclosporin A is dose-dependent and that a therapeutic window exists up to 24 h post-injury. Furthermore, the optimal cyclosporin dosage and regimen markedly reduces disruption of the blood-brain barrier acutely following a cortical contusion injury, and similarly affords significant neuroprotection following fluid percussion injury. These findings clearly suggest that the mechanisms responsible for tissue necrosis following traumatic brain injury are amenable to pharmacological intervention. (C) 2000 IBRO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-295
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institute of Health, U.S. Public Health Service grant NS39828 (SWS).

Keywords

  • Cortical contusion
  • Fluid percussion
  • Immunosuppression
  • Mitochondria
  • Neuroprotective agents
  • Neurotrauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience

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