Double radiative pion capture on hydrogen and deuterium and the nucleon's pion cloud

S. Tripathi, D. S. Armstrong, M. E. Christy, J. H.D. Clark, T. P. Gorringe, M. D. Hasinoff, M. A. Kovash, D. H. Wright, P. A. Zołnierczuk

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2 Scopus citations


We report measurements of double radiative capture in pionic hydrogen and pionic deuterium. The measurements were performed with the RMC spectrometer at the TRIUMF cyclotron by recording photon pairs from pion stops in liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. We obtained absolute branching ratios of [3.02±0.27(stat.)±0.31(syst.)]×10-5 for hydrogen and [1.42±0.120.09(stat.)±0.11(syst.)]×10-5 for deuterium and relative branching ratios of double radiative capture to single radiative capture of [7.68±0.69(stat.)±0.79(syst.)]×10-5 for hydrogen and [5.44±0.460.34(stat.)±0.42(syst.)]×10-5 for deuterium. For hydrogen, the measured branching ratio and photon energy-angle distributions are in fair agreement with a reaction mechanism involving the annihilation of the incident π- on the π+ cloud of the target proton. For deuterium, the measured branching ratio and energy-angle distributions are qualitatively consistent with simple arguments for the expected role of the spectator neutron. A comparison between our hydrogen and deuterium data and earlier beryllium and carbon data reveals substantial changes in the relative branching ratios and the energy-angle distributions and is in agreement with the expected evolution of the reaction dynamics from an annihilation process in S-state capture to a bremsstrahlung process in P-state capture. Lastly, we comment on the relevance of the double radiative process to the investigation of the charged pion polarizability and the in-medium pion field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064603
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 4 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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