The impact of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation after percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stent implantation in patients at high atherothrombotic risk remains unclear. We aimed to characterize the risk for adverse events, and its relation with the mode of DAPT cessation in patients at high atherothrombotic risk (HATR). Considering patients treated with drug-eluting stents among those enrolled in the Patterns of Non-Adherence to Anti-Platelet Regimens in Stented Patients registry, we defined subjects with prior myocardial infarction (MI), prior stroke or peripheral vascular disease at HATR, while patients without any of these conditions were classified as atherothrombotic risk (LATR). DAPT cessation-modes were defined as physician-recommended discontinuation, temporary interruption, and disruption due to bleeding or poor compliance. Compared to patients with LATR (n = 2867; 68.2%), patients with HATR (n = 1340; 31.8%) were older with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. Over 2 years, HATR patients had lower rates of physician-recommended discontinuation (32.5% vs 39.4%; p = 0.002) and trend for disruption (11.5% vs 13.7%, p = 0.051), though no significant difference in the rate of DAPT interruption. Patients with HATR had higher 2-year rates of cardiac death, MI, or stent thrombosis compared with those at LATR (8.7% vs 4.0%; adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.36-2.39; p < 0.0001). Disruption of DAPT was associated with greater risk for cardiac death, MI, or stent thrombosis in both HATR (aHR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.05 to 3.46) and LATR (aHR: 2.84; 95% CI: 1.68 to 4.80) patients (pinteraction = 0.40). The degree of atherothrombotic risk influences the pattern and mode of DAPT cessation with less discontinuation among patients considered HATR. Atherothrombotic risk status does not influence the association between DAPT cessation and cardiac risk.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Cardiology|
|State||Published - Nov 15 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
DC has received research grant support from Eli Lilly and Astra Zeneca, consulting fees from Eli Lilly, Astra Zeneca, and speaking honoraria from Astra Zeneca. TH has received research grant support from Eli Lilly & Company and Daiichi-Sankyo. GD has received consulting fees and honoraria from Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Covidien, The Medicines Company, Merck, CSL Behring, AstraZeneca, Medtronic, Abbott, Bayer, Boston Scientific, Osprey Medical, and GE Healthcare; and research grant support from Sanofi, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Eli Lilly & Company/Daiichi-Sankyo. MG has received research grant support from Angel Medical Corporation, Atrium Medical Systems, Bayer Corporation, Ikaria, Janssen/Johnson & Johnson Corporation, Lantheus Medical Imaging, Merck & Company, Portola Pharmaceuticals, Roche Diagnostics, Sanofi, Stealth Peptides, St. Jude Medical, Volcano Corporation, and Walk Vascular; consulting fees from AstraZeneca, Baxter Healthcare, Bayer Corporation, CRF, Consensus Medical Communications, CSL Behring, Cytori Therapeutics, Eli Lilly & Company/Daiichi Sankyo, Exeter Group, Genentech, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen/Johnson & Johnson Corporation, Ortho McNeil, St. Jude Medical, and The Medicines Company; and royalty fees from UpToDate in Cardiovascular Medicine. DJM has received institutional research grant support from AstraZeneca. MK has received consulting fees from Abbott Vascular, Abbott laboratories, OrbusNeich, Angelmed, Volcano, Biosensors, Svelte, OrbusNeich, Medtronic, and Terumo; and research grant support from Abbott, Terumo, Angelmed, Ikaria, OrbusNeich, Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. (CSI), Eli Lilly & Company and Medtronic. AC has received consulting fees and honoraria from Carbostent and Implantable Devices (CID); and other fees from Direct Flow Medical. AK serves on the speaker's bureau of the American College of Cardiology; and has received consulting fees from WebMD. PGS discloses the following relation: research grant from Bayer, Merck, Sanofi, and Servier, speaking or consulting fees from Amarin, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bayer/Janssen, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers-Squibb, Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Novo-Nordisk, Pfizer, Regeneron, Sanofi, Servier, outside the submitted work. RM has received institutional research grant support from AstraZeneca, Bayer, Beth Israel Deaconess, Bristol Myers-Squibb, CSL Behring, Eli Lilly/Daiichi-Sankyo, Medtronic, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, OrbusNeich; has served as a consultant for Abbott Vascular, American College of Cardiology, AstraZeneca, Boston Scientific, CardioKinetix, CSL Behring, Medscape, Shanghai Bracco Sine Pharmaceutical, Spectranetics; has served on the advisory board for Bristol Myers-Squibb; has received institutional advisory board funding from Bristol-Myers Squibb; has received institutional funding from Claret Medical; owns equity in Claret Medical and Elixir Medical; has served on the executive committee for Janssen Pharmaceuticals and Osprey Medical; has served on the data safety monitoring board for Watermark Research Partners; and has a spouse who has served as a consultant for Abiomed and The Medicines Company.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine