Early adoption of buprenorphine in substance abuse treatment centers: Data from the private and public sectors

Hannah K. Knudsen, Lori J. Ducharme, Paul M. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations


The recent approval of buprenorphine for the treatment of opiate dependence offers an opportunity to analyze innovation adoption in community-based treatment. Using data collected from national samples of 299 privately funded and 277 publicly funded treatment centers, this research examines buprenorphine adoption using baseline data collected between 2002 and 2004 as well as follow-up data collected 12 months later. Private centers were significantly more likely than public centers to report current use of buprenorphine. The baseline data indicated that early adoption was positively associated with center accreditation, physician services, availability of detoxification services, current use of naltrexone, and the percentage of opiate-dependent clients. Multivariate analyses of follow-up data suggest that adoption was greater in accredited centers, for-profit facilities, organizations offering detoxification services, and naltrexone-using centers. Future research should continue to monitor the extent to which buprenorphine is adopted in these settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-373
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the research support of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (grant nos. R01DA14482 and R01DA13110).


  • Adoption of innovations
  • Buprenorphine
  • Health services research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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