Early life stress induces renal dysfunction in adult male rats but not female rats

Analia S. Loria, Tatsuo Yamamoto, David M. Pollock, Jennifer S. Pollock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Maternal separation (MatSep) is a model of behavioral stress during early life. We reported that MatSep exacerbates ANG II-induced hypertension in adult male rats. The aims of this study were to determine whether exposure to MatSep in female rats sensitizes blood pressure to ANG II infusion similar to male MatSep rats and to elucidate renal mechanisms involved in the response in MatSep rats. Wistar Kyoto (WKY) pups were exposed to MatSep 3 h/day from days 2 to 14, while control rats remained with their mothers. ANG II-induced mean arterial pressure (MAP; telemetry) was enhanced in female MatSep rats compared with control female rats but delayed compared with male MatSep rats. Creatinine clearance (Ccr) was reduced in male MatSep rats compared with control rats at baseline and after ANG II infusion. ANG II infusion significantly increased T cells in the renal cortex and greater histological damage in the interstitial arteries of male MatSep rats compared with control male rats. Plasma testosterone was greater and estradiol was lower in male MatSep rats compared with control rats with ANG II infusion. ANG II infusion failed to increase blood pressure in orchidectomized male MatSep and control rats. Female MatSep and control rats had similar Ccr, histological renal analysis, and sex hormones at baseline and after ANG II infusion. These data indicate that during ANG II-induced hypertension, MatSep sensitizes the renal phenotype in male but not female rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R121-R129
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume304
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2013

Keywords

  • Maternal separation
  • Orchidectomy
  • Renal damage
  • Sex hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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