Early planting of early-maturing soybean: Effects on seed germination and Phomopsis infection

Dennis M. TeKrony, Larry J. Grabau, M. DeLacy, M. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The use of early-maturing soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cultivars has been suggested as a means of avoiding drought stress and extending harvest maturity in the southeastern USA. This experiment determined the effect of cultivar maturity on seed germination and Phomopsis longicolla T.W. Hobbs seed infection following early planting. Six cultivars ranging from Maturity Group (MG) 00 to IV were planted in late April, mid-May, and early and late June in 1992 and 1993 at Lexington, KY. The May planting was sprayed at weekly intervals between growth stages R5 and R7 with the foliar fungicide benomyl [methyl 1-(butylcarbamoyl)-2-benzimidazolecarbamate] to control seed infection. A single, recommended application of benomyl was also made at growth stage R6 for all planting dates in 1993. Seed was harvested at harvest maturity (HM, defined as the time when seed first dried to <140 g kg-1 moisture) and 3 wk after that date. Higher levels (>30%) of P. longicolla seed infection frequently occurred for the April and May plantings, which often resulted in lower (<85%) seed germination for earlier maturing cultivars. As harvest maturity was delayed due to later planting dates of early-maturing cultivars (MG 00-11) or the use of fullseason cultivars (MG III, IV), seed quality improved. Weekly benomyl applications to the mid-May planting reduced seed infection to low levels and increased seed germination to >90% at HM in both years for all cultivars. Thus, high- quality soybean seed can be produced on earlymaturing cultivars grown outside the range of adaptation, if seed infection by P. longicolla is controlled. Cultural methods are discussed fur reducing seed infection and improving seed quality of early-maturing cultivars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-433
Number of pages6
JournalAgronomy Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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